Innovation and Change

Nepal Biogas Support Program (BSP): Cooking with Clean and Affordable Energy in Rural Areas

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Back in 1992 only 40% of the population in Nepal had access to electricity and some 88% relied on traditional biomass fuels for cooking and heating. Difficult geographical terrain in hilly and mountainous areas, socioeconomic underdevelopment and a sparsely distributed population all represented difficult challenges in providing modern energy solutions, particularly in rural and remote areas of the country. Livestock such as cattle, buffaloes, poultry and smaller animals play an important role in the lives of landholding Nepalese farmers. The conditions in which cattle are raised in Nepal are ideal for providing the animal dung, the feedstock necessary to fuel small farmer-based biogas systems. Unfortunately, the high cost to buy and install even a small biogas system - unbearable for the large majority of low-income small farmers - was one of the main barriers to its adoption. With these challenges and opportunities in mind, in 1992 the Netherlands Development Organization launched the Biogas Support Program (BSP), a donor-supported program, with the goal of constructing and disseminating household-scale biogas plants in rural Nepal, as a mainstream renewable energy source.
Bibliographic citation: Paola Giordano; Leticia Pelizan; Rahnema Alavi, Ahmad, "Nepal Biogas Support Program (BSP): Cooking with Clean and Affordable Energy in Rural Areas", IESE, OP-301-E, 09/2018
Date: 14/09/2018
Author(s): Paola Giordano; Leticia Pelizan; Rahnema Alavi, Ahmad
Document type: Occasional Paper
Editor(s): Cátedra Fuel Freedom de Energía y Desarrollo Social; EIC - Centro de Iniciativa Emprendedora e Innovación
Department: Entrepreneurship
Sector: Public administration and government agencies
Languages: English
Geographic area: Nepal